Stamp Duty & Registration Charges – A Quick Reckoner for House Buyers in Bangalore.
August 19th, 2021
Buying a house involves quite a lot of procedures and attracts a slew of statutory charges. It’s always better to know about these in advance, particularly about the latter, to avoid unpleasant surprises later on. Let’s get to know in detail about the stamp duty and registration charges applicable, when buying a house in Bangalore.
Stamp duty and registration charges vary from state to state. More importantly, these charges make your house costlier. But what exactly are stamp duty and registration charges? Section 3 of the Indian Stamp Act 1899 mandates the collection of these charges for the following reasons: 1) To authenticate the sale agreement. 2) To maintain a record of the property. It’s the state government that decides and fixes all charges that are collected towards stamp duty and registration.
Understanding the Gamut of Property Charges
Let us assume that Anita is buying a property worth Rs 80 lakh in a posh locality in Bangalore. She will pay this sum to the seller and stamp duty, registration charges, surcharge (which is a tax levied on tax), and cess (a form of tax over and above the base tax liability of the taxpayer).
Anita will be charged stamp duty at 5.6% of the property cost, which will come up to Rs 4,48,000. Furthermore, the state government will levy registration charges at 1% of the property value, amounting to Rs 80,000. Anita will also have to pay a cess charged at 10% of the stamp duty, amounting to Rs 44,800, and another surcharge calculated at 2% of the stamp duty, which will come up to Rs. 8960.
So, while Anita’s property will cost Rs.80 lakh, the additional charges will add up to Rs 5,81,760. Therefore, the total cost of her property value will be Rs 85,81,760 plus GST.
Stamp Duty & Registration Charges in Bangalore
|Type of fee||Amount|
|Registration charge||1% of the property value|
|BBMP, BMRDA & village areas added cess||10% on stamp duty|
|BBMP & corporation added surcharges||2% on stamp duty|
|BMRDA & other surcharges||3% on stamp duty|
|Amount||Stamp Duty Charges|
|Less than Rs. 20 lakh||2%|
|Between Rs. 21 & Rs. 35 lakh||3%|
|Above Rs. 35 lakh||5%|
What are the parameters that determine stamp duty charges?
Age of the property: Stamp duty is calculated based on the total value of the property you are purchasing. Since with age properties register depreciation, the age of the property has a prominent role to play in determining the stamp duty. Precisely the reason why older properties are easier on the pocket in terms of stamp duty when compared with brand new ones.
Buyer’s age: If you are a senior citizen, you’ve reasons to cheer while buying a house. Yes, senior citizens pay a lesser amount in terms of stamp duty whereas people of younger age get no relaxation, and hence end up paying more.
Gender: Yet another factor that has a say in stamp duty is gender. In most states, Women, in comparison to men, pay a lesser stamp duty – roughly 2% lesser than men. However, in Bangalore the rate is same for both men and women.
Type of property: While there is no escape from stamp duty, residential properties have an advantage. They, in comparison with commercial properties, attract a lesser amount in terms of stamp duty.
Location: Buying a house in an urban area? Be prepared to pay a higher sum as stamp duty. However, if your plan is to buy a house in a semi-urban or rural area, you pay a lesser amount.
Amenities: Does the house you are planning to buy have a host of amenities? Well, shell out more towards stamp duty. It is simple – the more amenities you have, the more you pay. If your house has a swimming pool, library, gym or even elevators, you will have to spend more money on stamp duty.
Benefits of paying Property Charges
Property charges prove to be beneficial to home buyers as it ensures the following, under Section 3 of the Indian Stamp Act 1899:
1) The property is now confirmed to you – Upon paying the property registration charges, the property will legally be under your name. This crucial document authenticates the sale and makes you the new owner of that property.
2) Maintenance of records – You pay registration charges so that the Government keeps a record of the property. Without this, the previous owner will continue to be considered the owner of the property.
Understanding Stamp Duty Charges
Stamp Duty and Registration Charges ensure that the property is legally transferred to you. These charges are applicable on all kinds of properties, be it under-construction, newly completed, or re-sale.
Stamp Duty is payable on the value of the property or on the circle rate, whichever is higher. A circle rate is the price of property or land in a region that is published and regulated by the State Government. Stamp duty on registration of various instruments is imposed under the provisions of the Indian Stamp Act, 1899.
The Stamp Duty is called so because the stamp mark on the documents implies that the paper has assumed approval of the authorities and is now of legal significance. Stamp duty is also applicable on conveyance deeds, sale deeds, and power of attorney papers, but the charges vary in different states.
Documents Required to Pay Stamp Duty
The buyer must submit a host of documents at the time of property registration, depending on the type of property. These are some important documents to be arranged at the time of registration:
• Sale agreement
• Sale deed
• Khata certificate
• Photocopy of society share certificate and society registration certificate (in case of housing project)
• NOC from the apartment association (in case of housing project)
• Sanctioned building plan (under-construction property)
• Builder-buyer agreement (under-construction property)
• Possession letter from the builder (under-construction property)
• Title documents of the landowner (in case of land purchase)
• Records of Rights and Tenancy Corps or 7/12 extract (in case of land purchase)
• Conversion order (in case of land purchase)
• Tax paid receipts of the last 3 months
• Registered development agreement (in case of joint development property)
• Power of attorney/s (if applicable)
• Joint development agreement between landowner and builder (in case of joint development property)
• Copies of all registered agreements (in case of resale property)
• Latest bank statements in case of any outstanding loan amount
• Encumbrance certificate
Reason Behind Registration Charges
While Stamp Duty is paid to transfer the property to your name, Registration Charges are paid as per the Registration Act, 1908, to the Government to maintain it in its registry. This must be done within four months from the date of execution after the stamp duty is paid.
Unless the registration is complete, an entitlement of the property is invalid, and the property will still be under the previous owner’s name. Hence, it is important to register the property in the Sub Registrar of Assurances of the Jurisdiction’s office, where the property is purchased.
How to Calculate the Registration Fee & Stamp Duty
These two factors are calculated based on different types of properties depending upon different city laws.
– Super built-up area is considered for calculation for multistorey apartments
– Charges on individual houses are calculated as per the constructed area
– For plots, the sq. ft area of the plot is multiplied by the predominant guideline value of that area
Whether you are opting for a budget house or a luxury house, whether your choice of location is an urban setting or a rural area, knowing about the charges towards stamp duty helps you greatly. One of the most important advantages is that it lets you be in control, in terms of budget. Make sure that you do your research thoroughly before buying your house.